Many athletes and parents want to know why the swimmer was disqualified (DQ'd) for an event. Here are some of the most common stroke violations that are seen by Stroke & Turn Judges during a swim meet.
- Failure to touch the wall with some part of body at the turn.
- Finishing in the wrong lane.
- Walking on, or springing from, the bottom of the pool.
- Pulling themselves forward on the lane rope.
- Failure to return to back, or past vertical toward back, before feet leave the wall on the turn.
- Shoulders rolling past vertical toward breast before touch at the finish.
- Failure to touch the wall with any part of body at the turn.
- More than one arm pull following turning of the body onto the breast prior to turning.
- Sidestroke or scissors kick (any alternating movement of the feet / legs).
- Multiple dolphin or flutter kicks coming off the start or turn, or going into a turn or finish.
- Feet not turned outward in propulsive movement of the kick (such as would be seen in a butterfly kick).
- Arms not in same horizontal plane at the beginning of the first arm pull following start or turn.
- Body not at or past the vertical towards the breast when the feet leave the wall after a turn.
- Hand touches not simultaneous or one-hand touch at a turn or finish.
- Hand touches not simultaneous or one-hand touch at the turns or finish.
- Arm recovery (entire arm from shoulder to wrist) not over the water after every pull and on the turns or finish (usually characterized by short pull and stabbing touch).
- Alternating kicking movements (e.g. flutter kick).
- Scissors or breaststroke kicking movement.
- Non-simultaneous forward arm stroke over the water.
Individual Medley (IM)
- Swimmers must comply with the finish rules at the end of each stroke.
- All other violations are for the individual strokes.